multiple choice questions (MCQs) based on the image you sent:

Part A

(i) Which of the following resources comes under the category of abiotic resources?

(a) Animals (b) Plants (c) Humans (d) Minerals

Answer: (d) Minerals

Explanation: Abiotic resources are non-living resources that are naturally occurring on Earth. Minerals are a type of abiotic resource. Animals, plants, and humans are all biotic resources, which are living resources.

(ii) How much area of India is covered with Alluvial soil?

  • (a) 45%
  •  (b) 50% 
  • (c) 55% 
  • (d) 60%

Answer: (a) 45% 

(iii) New or Non-conventional resources of energy include

  • (a) Natural gas 
  • (b) Petroleum
  • (c) Wind Energy
  • (d) Coal

Answer: (c) Wind Energy

Explanation: Non-conventional resources of energy are those that are renewable and do not cause pollution. Wind energy is a non-conventional resource of energy. Natural gas, petroleum, and coal are conventional resources of energy that are not renewable and can cause pollution. 

Question (iv):

  • What products are prepared from maize?
    • (a) Glucose 
    • (b) Starch 
    • (c) Alcohol 
    • (d) All of the above ** (Correct Answer)**

Question (v):

  • What is the process of coming of lava over the surface of the earth known as?
    • (a) Tsunami
    • (b) Volcano ** (Correct Answer)**
    • (c) Earthquake
    • (d) Cyclone

Explanation: A volcano is an opening in the Earth's crust through which molten rock, hot ash, and gases erupt. Tsunami, earthquake, and cyclone are all other natural disasters but are not related to lava.

Question (vi):

  • From which Mughal emperor did the East India Company get the tax-free trade privileges in Bengal, Bihar and Orissa by paying 3,000 rupees annually?
    • (a) Akbar
    • (b) Farrukhsiyar ** (Correct Answer)**
    • (c) Jahangir
    • (d) Shah Jahan

Explanation: The East India Company obtained the tax-free trade privileges from Farrukhsiyar.

Question (vii):

  • When did Lord Cornwallis introduce permanent settlement in the provinces of Bengal and Bihar?
    • (a) 1793 A.D. ** (Correct Answer)**
    • (b) 1895 A.D.
    • (c) 1997 A.D.
    • (d) 1599 A.D.

Explanation: Lord Cornwallis introduced the permanent settlement in 1793 A.D.

Question (viii):

  • Who was the first martyr of the Revolt of 1857 A.D.?
    • (a) Mangal Pandey ** (Correct Answer)**
    • (b) Nana Sahib
    • (c) Tantiya Tope
    • (d) Rani Lakshmi Bai

Explanation: Mangal Pandey was the first martyr of the Revolt of 1857 A.D.

Question (ix):

  • Jyotiba Phule was a great social reformer of
    • (a) Maharashtra ** (Correct Answer)**
    • (b) Gujarat
    • (c) Kerala
    • (d) Tamil Nadu

Explanation: Jyotiba Phule was a great social reformer of Maharashtra.

Question (x):

  • When and where was the Indian National Congress founded?
    • (a) 28th December, 1885 in Mumbai ** (Correct Answer)**
    • (b) 28th November, 1885 in Calcutta
    • (c) 28th October, 1885 in Chennai
    • (d) 28th September, 1885 in Bihar

Explanation: The Indian National Congress was founded on 28th December, 1885 in Mumbai.

Fill in the blanks:

(i) _______ banks are owned and controlled by the Government.

Answer: Public [The answer is Public]

(ii) From Jaintiya hills in East to Garo hills in West territories were under the control of _______ tribe.

Answer: Achik [The answer is Achik] tribe

(iii) The kings of princely states used to use the things made by _______ scale industries.

Answer: Small [The answer is Small]

(iv) The word _______ was added to the preamble of the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment.

Answer: Secular [The answer is Secular]

True or false 

Question 1: Is anthracite the best quality of coal? True 

Question 2: Is Marina Beach 10 kilometers long? False 

Question 3: Is the Judiciary called the defender of the Constitution? True 

Question 4: According to the Indian Constitution, can discrimination be made on the basis of religion, caste, sex and race? False 

One word question answer 

(i) What do we get from the oceans?

(ii) What is meant by disasters?

(iii) When was the first printing press established in India?

(iv) What is meant by linguistics?


(i) The oceans provide us with a variety of resources, including seafood, salt, minerals, and oil and gas. 

(ii) Disasters are sudden, calamitous events that disrupt the normal course of life and cause widespread suffering and damage.  

(iii) The first printing press was established in India in 1556 by Portuguese missionaries in Goa. 

(iv) Linguistics is the scientific study of human language.   

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